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The subject is the person, thing or topic which the sentence deals with.
To discover the subject, ask who or what before the verb.

e.g. in the sentence The house stands on the hill. , what stands on the hill? Answer: the house.

The house stands on the hill. 
It overlooks the plain.



The predicate is all of the sentence except the subject.

The house stands on the hill.
It overlooks the plain.



The object is the person, thing or topic upon which the subject carries out the action of the verb.
To discover the object, ask who or what after the verb.

e.g. the house overlooks what? Answer: the plain.

The house overlooks the plain.
I see him clearly.
He watches himself carefully.

* In some cases a whole clause can act as object.

He said that the Green Knight was really orange.

Sometimes we apparently have two objects. Where one of these can alternatively be expressed by placing to before it, it is called the indirect object. For example, instead of He gave me the book we can say He gave the book to me. Here the book is the direct object and me the indirect object .



After the verb to be there is no object since the noun which follows refers to the same thing as that which precedes the verb (the subject). The noun following the verb to be is called the complement.

l am a man.
This is the question.

# Adapted from English Grammar - A Short Guide by Graham Tulloch