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TOEFL Reading Skill 4: Insert Sentences into The Passage

In the Reading section of the iBT TOEFL test, you may be asked to determine where to insert a sentence into a passage. In this type of question, you must click on one of a number of squares in a passage to indicate that the sentence should be inserted in that position.

The following chart outlines the key information that you should remember about ques­tions testing vocabulary in context.

QUESTIONS ABOUT INSERTING INFORMATION
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION  Look at the four squares [.]
WHERE TO FIND THE ANSWER
The places where the sentence may be inserted are marked in the passage.
 
HOW TO ANSWER THE QUESTION
1. Look at the sentence to be inserted for any
key words or ideas at the or the end of the sentence.

2. Read the context before and after the insertion
squares for any ideas that to the sentence to be inserted.

3. Choose the insertion square that is
most related to the sentence to be inserted.
 
 


Look at an example from the TOEFL test that asks where to insert a particular sentence.

Example 1: The Origin of Chess

The origins of the game of chess are not known with certainty, and traditional stories in a number of cultures claim credit for developing the game. [1A] One legend claims that chess was invented during the Trojan Wars. [1B] According to another legend, chess was developed to depict the battle between two royal brothers for the crown of Persia. [1C] In a third legend, chess was the creation of the mythical Arab philosopher Sassa. [1D]

Whatever its origins, chess was known to exist in India as early as 500 B.C., and it eventually spread from India to Persia, where it took on much of the terminology that today is part of the game. Foot soldiers in the Persian army were called piyadah, which became the pawns of today's game, and the Persian chariot was a rukh, which became the rook. The Persian king was the shah, which evolved into the name chess. Shahmat, which means "the king is dead" became the expression checkmate.

 Question 1: Look at the four symbols [1X] that indicate where the following sentence can be added to the passage.

When one brother was killed, the remaining brother had the game invented to explain the tragic events to his mother.

This question asks you to decide where a sentence could be added to one of the paragraphs. To answer this question, you should study the sentence to be inserted and then look at the context before and after each insertion box. The sentence mentions one brother and the remaining brother, and the context before insertion box [1C] mentions two royal brothers. From this, it can be determined that the sentence should be added at insertion box [1C]. You should click on [1C] to answer this question.


Now look at another example that asks where to insert a particular sentence.

Example 2The Origin of Chess

The origins of the game of chess are not known with certainty, and traditional stories in a number of cultures claim credit for developing the game. One legend claims that chess was invented during the Trojan Wars. According to another legend, chess was developed to depict the battle between two royal brothers for the crown of Persia. In a third legend, chess was the creation of the mythical Arab philosopher Sassa. 

Whatever its origins, chess was known to exist in India as early as 500 B.C., and it eventually spread from India to Persia, where it took on much of the terminology that today is part of the game. [2A] Foot soldiers in the Persian army were called piyadah, which became the pawns of today's game, and the Persian chariot was a rukh, which became the rook. [2B] The Persian king was the shah, which evolved into the name chess. [2C] Shahmat, which means "the king is dead" became the expression checkmate. [2D]

Question 2: Look at the four symbols [2X] that indicate where the following sentence can be added to the passage.
This expression is used during the game to indicate that one player's king is on the verge of
 being captured.                

This question asks you to decide where a sentence could be added to one of the paragraphs. To answer this question, you should study the sentence to be inserted and then look at the context before 'and after each insertion box. The sentence mentions this expression about the king, and the context before insertion box [2D] mentions the king and the expression checkmate. From this, it can be determined that the sentence should be added at insertion box [2D]. You should click on [2D] to answer this question.