toefl-icon-2 
toefl-icon-1 

TOEFL Listening Practice
Download Listening Practice

Files or Watch Them Online
For Free! - NOW
LearnEnglish-Test.com


                          TestTOEFL

TOEFL Speaking PRactice 

TOEFL Speaking Practice
Dowanlod Speaking Sample

Files With Audioscript
PDF & MP3 Files.
LearnEnglish-Test.com


                          TestTOEFL

TOEFL Reading Skill 5: Finding Accurate Stated Information

In the Reading section of the iBT TOEFL test, you may be asked questions about factual infor­mation. The answers to these multiple-choice questions are often restatements of what is given in the passage. This means that the correct answer often expresses the same idea as what is written in the passage but that the words are not exactly the same. The answers to these ques­tions are generally given in order in the passage, and the questions generally indicate which paragraph contains the answers, so the answers are not too difficult to locate.

The following chart outlines the key information that you should remember about questions testing details.

   IDENTIFY THE QUESTION    

According to paragraph X ...

It is stated in paragraph X ...

It is indicated in paragraph X ...

It is mentioned in paragraph X ...

   FIND THE ANSWER    

These answers are generally found in order in the passage, and the paragraph where the answer is found is generally indicated in the question.

   ANSWER THE QUESTION    

1. Choose a key word or idea in the question.

2. Skim the appropriate paragraph for the key word or idea.

3. Read the sentence that contains the key word or idea carefully.

4. Eliminate any definitely wrong answers, and choose the best answer from the remaining choices.


Look at an example of a factual information question.

Reading passage: Ghost Words


A ghost word is a nonexistent word that has made its way into a reference work by mistake. One well-known example of a ghost word is the word Dord, which appeared in a 1934 American dictionary defined as density, as it is used in physics and chemistry. Dord was added to the dictionary when a typesetter who was making entries into the dictionary misread the entry 0 or d and typed it as Dord. In reality, the letter d (or its capitalized version) was used to refer to density in physics or chemistry. When the error was discovered, the ghost word Dord was removed from the dictionary.

Not all ghost words are recognized as errors, removed from reference works, and forgotten. One example of a well-established ghost word is the word syllabus. The Roman writer Cicero had correctly used the Latin word syllabus in his writings to refer to the title and author label on a manuscript. In a 1470 edition of Cicero's works, syllabus was miswritten as syllabus; the miswritten ghost word syllabus has now achieved status as a commonly used word referring to an outline of the contents of a course.

Example 1: According to paragraph 1, the word Dord:

       a. has appeared in numerous physics and chemistry texts

       b. was mistakenly added to a dictionary

       c. can be used in physics and chemistry to refer to density

       d. can still be found in dictionaries

The question asks you to answer a question according to paragraph I, which means that the correct answer is factual information from the first paragraph. It is stated in the first para­graph that Dord was added to the dictionary when a typesetter ... misread the entry D or d. This means that the word Dord was mistakenly added to a dictionary. To answer this question, you should click on the second answer.

Now look at another example of a factual information question.

Example 2: It is indicated in paragraph 2 that the word syllabus

       a. was used by Cicero

       b. today refers to a label on a manuscript

       c. came about as a misspelling of a different word

       d. appeared in dictionaries in the fourteenth century

The question asks about what is indicated in paragraph 2, which means that you are being asked about factual information in the second paragraph. It is stated in paragraph 2 that in a 1470 edition of Cicero's works, syllabus was miswritten as syllabus. This means that the word syllabus came about as a misspelling of a different word. To answer this question, you should click on the third answer.