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TOEFL Listening Practice
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TOEFL Speaking PRactice 

TOEFL Speaking Practice
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Writing Skill 1: Note The Main Points As You Read

In the integrated task in the Writing section of the iBT TOEFL test, you will be asked to read an academic passage as part of the task. In this part of the integrated task, it is important for you to be able to read an academic passage of 250-300 words and take notes on the main points of the reading passage in a short period of time.

The following chart outlines the key information you should remember about dealing with the reading passage in the integrated writing task.

NOTING  THE  MAIN  POINTS  IN  THE  READING  PASSAGE
TOPIC Make sure that you understand (and take notes on) the topic of the reading passage.
MAIN POINTS Then focus on (and take notes on) the main points that are used to support the topic of the reading passage.


Look at the following example of a reading passage that is part of the integrated writing task.
 

Reading Passage


It is common knowledge that forecasting is an attempt by meteorologists to determine what weather will be like in the future. Hindcasting is the opposite of forecasting, an attempt to determine what weather was like in the past. Meteorologists wish that records of weather had been kept in full for at least a few millennia, but it has been only in the last century that detailed records of the weather have been kept. Thus, meteorologists need to hindcast the weather, and they do so by using all sorts of information from other fields as diverse as archeology, botany, geology, literature, and art. These pieces of information from other fields that are used as a basis for drawing conclusions about what the weather must have been like at some point in the past are called proxies.


As you read the passage, you should take notes on the topic and main points of the reading passage. Look at these notes on the topic and main points of the reading passage.
 

Topic of Reading Passage:

hindcasting (trying to determine what weather was like in the past)

Main points about hindcasting:

detailed weather records kept for less than a century

proxies (information from various other fields) used to hindcast weather

These notes show that the topic of the reading passage is hindcasting, which means trying to determine what the weather was like in the past; the main points about hindcasting are that detailed weather records were kept for less than a century and that proxies, which are pieces of information from various other fields, are used to hindcast weather.