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TOEFL Listening Practice
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TOEFL Speaking PRactice 

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TOEFL Writing Skill 3: Plan Before You Write

After you have noted the main points of the reading passage and the main points of the lis­tening passage in the integrated writing task, you need to read the question and plan your response. The question will most likely be about how the main points of the reading passage and the main points of the listening passage are related.

The following chart outlines the key information you should remember about planning before you write in an integrated writing task.

PLANNING  BEFORE  YOU  WRITE

QUESTION


Study the question to determine what is being asked. Expect that the question is asking how the ideas in the reading passage and the listening passage are related.
 

RELATIONSHIP
Look at the notes you have taken on the reading passage and the listening passage, and focus on the main points or topics of each passage. Then describe how the ideas in eachof the two passages are related.
 

Look at the following example of a question in an integrated writing task on hindcasting and seventeenth-century weather in Holland.

Question


How does the information in the listening passage about the weather in seventeenth-century Holland shed light on the information on hindcasting in the reading passage?


You can see that, although the question does not specifically mention "main points" of the reading passage and listening passage, the question is in reality asking you to show how the main points of these two passage are related. 
To prepare a plan for your response, you should look at the notes you have taken on the reading passage and the notes you have taken on the listening passage and focus on how the ideas in the two passages are related.

Look at the plan for a response on the integrated writing task on hind casting and seventeenth-century weather in Holland.

Reading Passage = A technique used by meteorologists

 

TOPIC OF READING PASSAGE: hindcasting (trying to determine what weather wae like in the past)

Main points about hindcasting:

 - detailed weather records kept for less than a century
 - proxies (information from various other fields) used to hindcast weather

 

Listening Passage = An example of the technique 

 

TOPIC OF LISTENING PASSAGE: paintings that are proxies showing weather in 17th-century Holland colder than today

Details in 17th-century paintings showing colder weather:

 - huge snow drifts higher than today's drifts
 - skaters on canals that are not frozen today
 

From this plan, you can see the way that the ideas in the reading passage and the listening passage are related. The plan shows that the reading passage describes a technique used by meteorologists and the listening passage provides an example of the technique.